Tuesday, May 19, 2020
The following list provides you with the basic concepts that should be attained by the end of the school year. Mastery of the concepts at the previous grade is assumed. Numbers Read print numbers to 20 and locate, compare, order, represent, estimate, identify numbers to 1000 and mentally add and subtract numbers to 20Understand place value to be able to trade 10 ones for a ten, etc.Count by 1s, 2s, 5s, 10s beyond 100.Locate numbers when requested to 1000Understand the reverse properties of whole numbers 57 is the same as 75Add and subtract two-digit numbers (no carrying/regrouping)Introduction to division using sharing as examplesCount by skipping numbers when requestedAdd and subtract coins up to $1.00Compute word problems with addition and subtraction, (We have 20 children in swimming class, 8 are boys, how many are girls?) Measurement Use and understand more than, less than, the same as, heavier than, lighter than, taller than etc.Measure with a variety of cups, rulers and measuring spoonsTime - hours, minutes and secondsUse the terms inches, feet, yards, centimeters, meters etc.Know the months of the year and tell time to the quarter hourUse a thermometer and count money to a dollar including being able to create different sets that equal a dollarCompare a variety of measurement tools Geometry Describe, identify, create and sort and build with shapes (squares, triangles, circles, rectangles etc.)Identify a variety of geometric shapes in everyday structuresCompare and sort 2- and 3-dimensional shapes (3-D terms include sphere, prism cones etc.)Extend and make patterns with shapesDetermine lines of symmetry, flips, slides, turns, and transformations of shapesDescribe locations on a grid - up four and over two etc. Algebra/Patterning Identify, describe, reorganize and extend patterns with more than one attributeGive specific rules about patterns for numbers, shapes, pictures, and objectsIdentify and describe patterns in the world around us (wallpaper, paint etc) Probability Use graphs to record number of pets, hair color temperature with 1 and 2 attributesDesign or construct bar graphs and include pertinent informationInterpret a variety of picture and bar graphs and give explanationsInvestigate what happens when coins are flipped and die are rolled All Grades Pre-K Kdg. Gr. 1 Gr. 2 Gr. 3 Gr. 4 Gr. 5 Gr. 6 Gr. 7 Gr. 8 Gr. 9 Gr. 10 Gr.11 Gr. 12
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
My understanding of global health and the global issues that are prevent in our society has developed and grown over the past three months. I recognized the issues individually and how they affect our country, but I did not have a true understanding of them globally. When I think about the Millennium Development Goals, I truly realize how these affect me both as a global citizen and as a nurse. In New Zealand, a developed country, the population faces the same global health issues as any other country. A key global health issue that is directly affecting the lower income families and adults of New Zealand is diabetes. However, it is also a health problem in the higher income population. The main cause of this disease in these population groups is obesity. Where are the strategies to address this health issue, and why is a developed country having these struggles? Risk Factors: Although there are two types of diabetes only one, Type 2, identifies obesity as a risk factor for causing the disease. Type 2 diabetes (formerly called non-insulin-dependent or adult-onset diabetes) is caused by the bodyÃ¢â¬â¢s ineffective use of insulinÃ¢â¬ (WHO website). The other risk factors for this disease are all life style choices, and examples of these are decreased or lack of physical activity, and an unhealthy diet (Jacobsen, 2015, p. 148). The government has initiated a New Zealand Health Survey and it is completed biannually by the general population. They have addressed obesity issues in theShow MoreRelatedGlobal Health Issues1342 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesFirst, we will introduce you to the world situation with regard to health care. Then, we will explain the link between health issue, poverty and economic factors. Eventually, we will talk about the actions taken against these issues. Despite incredible improvements in health since 1950, there are still a big number of challenges as regards global health. One billion people lack access to health care systems. 36 million deaths each year are caused by noncommunicable diseases, such as cardiovascularRead MoreQuestions On Global Health Issues1189 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagessummary of your original proposal. What global health issues did you value, and how did you plan to address them? (1 paragraph) My last proposal addressed current health problems including communicable diseases, preventable diseases, food safety and hospital infections. During my original thought process, I felt children and young adults were not receiving proper patient education pertaining to their health and life style choices. The plan was to address these issues by using web media such as FacebookRead MoreThe Importance Of Global Health Issues1688 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesGlobal health issues go beyond national borders and therefore require international cooperation for prevention, planning and preparedness, disaster response, and provision of healthcare. NursesÃ¢â¬â¢ education positions them to provide a personal approach to healthcare and health teaching worldwide as they share information and assess understanding. Nurses play a vital role in protecting patients and the community in both routine practice and emergency response care. Infectious diseases are a leadingRead MoreEnvironmental Issues on Global Health2289 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesEnvironmental Issues on Global Health Seven Environmental Issues Complete the following chart by identifying seven environmental issues that affect global health. In the second column, describe in complete sentences how the issue affects global health. Environmental issue How does the issue affect global health? Overpopulation As more humans inhabit the earth, more waste will be created. The planet earth is facing the pressure to accommodate the increasing amount of waste, much of whichRead MoreEnvironmental Issues on Global Health1410 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesEnvironmental Issues on Global Health Seven Environmental Issues Complete the following chart by identifying seven environmental issues that affect global health. In the second column, describe in complete sentences how the issue affects global health. Environmental issue How does the issue affect global health? Overpopulation The EarthÃ¢â¬â¢s natural resources are already being consumed at an unsustainable rate. Many of these resources are required to support world health and human life (DonnatelleRead MoreBreakdown The Global Issue Of Health904 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIn chapter twelve, Snarr talks breakdown the global issue of health. The chapter broadens the definition of healthcare to not only just fighting off diseases, but also takes the well being of human being into consideration. The major problems we encounter today in the world are in nutritional health, infectious diseases, reproductive health, and mental health issues. The chapter also breaks down each major problem and how it might have different effects based on the regions, and the role of educationRead MoreThe Global Public Health Issue2091 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesBackground information 1.1 The outline of the global public health issue Cigarette smoking has been well documented to cause a wide range of health conditions such as heart diseases and respiratory problems and it is a major risk factor for getting various kind of cancers (Simpson Nonnemaker, 2013). Besides illness and death, there are several research evidences presenting that cigarette smoking results in less productive life years and for mounting needless health care costs. Globally, the preventableRead MoreObesity : A Global Health Issue1961 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesthat the excess body fats which usually accumulates within the body, can lead to other health problems like increase in body size or the thickening of blood vessels, which may eventually lead to heart attack or high blood pressure. Obesity is a global health issue, but itÃ¢â¬â¢s mostly common in the west, due to the kind of life style the people live. Obese people are usually stigmatized by the society due to their health status, meaning they are viewed as being in trouble. Whether obesity is a cause or reasonRead MoreTuberculosis : A Persistent Issue On Global Health1638 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Background and Risk Factors Worldwide, tuberculosis is a persistent issue in global health. India alone carries over 25% of the global TB burden, with over 9 million people suffering from active TB infection each year (Central TB Division 2015). Of growing concern is the rise of multi- and extensively- drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR and XDR, respectively). Characterized by resistance to standard first-line antibiotics including isoniazid and rifampicin (Loddenkemper et al. 2002), MDR-TB requiresRead MoreGlobal Health Issue Project : Canada Essay1562 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesGlobal Health Issue Project: Canada Canada is the second largest country by total area in the world, extending from the Pacific to the Atlantic Ocean and north into the Arctic Ocean. Canada has ten Provinces and three Territories, bordering the United States on the South and Northwest sides. Ottawa is Canada capital city located in Ontario. Canada became its own country July 1, 1867 with the creation of the Constitution Act. Currently, Canada is home to a little over 36 million people, ranking as
Question: Discuss about the International Business Strategy for Economic Theories. Answer: Introduction There are different types of the principles as well as the events which need to be considered for framing an international business model. In order to get the desired positive advantage within the international market segments, it is very crucial to understand the desired requirements of the business processes of the firm and moreover, the risks, as well as the mitigations of the country, needs to be analyzed properly as this will provide the desired elevation in the growth of the firm (Alred, Brusaw, Oliu, 2012). This research paper will help in explaining the desired principles as well as the events required for framing the desired perfect business model which will help a particular business to enter into the international market segments. It is very crucial to understand the different key economic theories as well as the events as this will help in the development of the desired business process model into a particular country. The definition of the business model critically eval uates the desired fact that a perfect model for the business consists of value propositions, finance value, value architecture and the value network. The economic consideration is of great importance as it helps in formulating the desired model for respective businesses of the concerned firm (Austrade, 2016). There are four of the vital business models such as the distributors, manufacturers, retailers and the franchises which help an entrepreneur to enhance the profitability of the concerned business process. Main context Global perspectives in strategic proposal A perfect framework for the desired business model plays the most significant role in developing the desired growth of the concerned firm. On the other hand, the value propositions need to be understood properly as these are considered to be the most significant factor in entering of a firm within the new country or in international market segments. The foreign direct investments have provided the desired platform for most of the global companies to enter the new business market segments and increase their overall profitability into different countries. The franchise business model helps in executing the business process of any of the firm being a manufacturer, retailer as well as the distributor in different countries throughout the world (Bento, Esteves, Agarwal, 2013). The CAGE framework for the development of the business model is crucial and it includes cultural distance, administrative distance, geographical distance and the Economic. It has been seen that the economic integra tion and the international system of monetary are of immense importance in relation to the global business perspectives. Moreover, the framework for the business model should be to provide desired competitive advantage within the international market segments. Key modern economic theories and key events in international business The business model needs to include the value proposition, value configurations, core capabilities, distribution channels, targeted customer segments, cost structure, revenue model, partner network and the desired relationship with the customers. Figure: General framework for business model The diagram presents the desired framework for the execution of the business process within the concerned global market segments. The international economics explains the desired pattern, transactions, and interactions among the different inhabitants of the different countries concerned. Economic integrations are considered to be the most significant factors in developing the business process throughout the desired market segments (Craig, R. 2013. The classical economic theory represents the international trade as the rational consequence which rises from inter-regional differences. The local retailers, as well as the distributors, will help in gaining the desired advantage over the other risks concerned with the implementation of the business process of the firm. The different technique of the neo-classical theory provides the desired competitive advantage throughout the pattern trade of the particular companies entering into the larger business market segments. The factors-price eq ualization generates the desired amount of impact on the international trade (Dale, B., Wiele, A., Iwaarden, J. 2013). The international trades product mainly resides into three of the broader categories such as the low-technology, high-technology and the common or average goods. On the other hand, it is very crucial to understand the desired risks and the mitigation while entering the different market segments of the particular country with the choice of a particular business process. Identifying and analyzing of the strategic issues Strategic gap analysis is considered to be vital in understanding the different strategic issues coming between the developments of the perfect business model. It helps in identifying the desired changes required for the execution of the concerned business process successfully. Moreover, the company needs to enhance the desired quality of all its products as per the satisfaction of the concerned customers within the targeted market segments (Greeff, G. Ghoshal, R. 2004). The gap reflects the subtraction of the current performance of the firm with that of the desired performance of that particular firm (Hall, D., Kirkpatrick, I., Mitchell, M. 2005). This analysis helps in reflecting the currents of the particular market segments and the consumers within that market segments. The variance among the current, as well as the desired performance, indicates the desired gap for the execution of the business process of the concerned firm. Strengths and weaknesses of the proposed business model and strategies for improvements The franchise business model has been used by many of the well-known firms such as McDonald Corporation, KFC, Vodafone and many other firms. It has certain strength as well as the few weaknesses. The strongest point of this business model is that company can enter into different countries and can enhance their profitability with the help of the other retailer or the local distributors residing within that particular firm (Hung, P. 2009). The brand name of the firm can be easily established and it will help in generating a large amount of the revenue which will provide the desired economic stability to the firm. Moreover, the local retailers, as well as the distributors, will help in gaining the desired advantage over the other risks involved with the execution of the business process of the firm. There is one of the crucial weakness that if there is the lack of the support from the employees to the concerned customers then it may hamper the entire business process which can result in fall down of the entire firm and it sometimes affects the brand name of the firm. Characteristics of the country including risks and mitigations as required by business model Entering into the market segments of Australia regarding the execution of the fast food business would be a better one as the demands for the fast food are increasing in quite large numbers. There are certain risks for establishing the business processes and the running it within the different market segments of Australia (Job, A. 2016). There are different risks which may be involved such as the political risks, legal risks, corruption risks, quarantine compliance risk, exchange rate risks, non-payment risks and managing the import risks (Kendrick, R. 2010). These risks are considered to be of great importance as these generate a large amount of impact on the entire business model framework. There is a crucial need for the formation of the risk management matrix which will help in reducing these risks while entering into the different market segments of Australia. The payments related to the export and the importing of the goods many create the desired risk for the concerned firm th e exchange rates, therefore, needs to be handed over on top priority. Ethical and the social considerations for the strategic issues In order to understand the desired strategic issues as well as to reduce these risks, the ethical and the social considerations are of immense importance. Moreover, there is a crucial need to understand the ethical, as well as the moral positions as this, will help in gaining the desired competitive advantage over the other firms concerned in that particular country (Khachidze, V. 2012). The leaders need to present their well-defined viewpoint based on the perfect moral-ethics. Impact of global competition on business model The globalization has created the desired impact on the execution of the business process within the international market segments. The franchise business model is considered to be beneficial for many of the well-known companies as it helps in expansion of the business process throughout different countries (Lee, G. 2010). There are well-known firms which have increased the competition significantly by delivering the high-quality value to all of the customers concerned. The global competition somehow affects this franchise business model and on the other hand, it presents the desired competitive for many o the firms functioning globally (Lester, A. Lester, A. 2007). Formation of the risk management matrix which will help in reducing these risks while entering into the different market segments of Australia. The organizational and the corporate plan helps in identifying the desired requirements of the customers and this will help in increasing the profitability as well as the product ivity of the concerned firm (M.E. Porter, M. 2015). The change in the desired trends has made it very crucial for the different firms to execute their business process as per the desired demands and the needs of the customers within the targeted market segments. Strategic development and the vision setting There is a crucial need to set the desired vision and mission as per the framework of the business model is concerned. Economic theories, as well as the principles of the business model, helps in enhancing the overall growth of the firm (Musik, N. 2014). The risks, as well as the mitigations, need to overcome for increasing the performance of the organization entering into the new market segments. furthermore, the limitations, as well as the implications related to the business process of the firm, needed to be researched on properly, as this will help in evaluating the desired growth of the concerned firm. Evaluation of the strategic position and the strategic options Positioning is another important thing which needs to be understood properly as this creates the desired impact on the minds of the customers. The business model needed to be developed as per the desired requirements of the concerned market segments as this will help in evaluating the desired growth of the concerned firm (Oakland, J. Oakland, J. 2004). The principles, as well as the events such as the value propositions and the value network along with the distribution channels, helps in increasing the profitability of the respective firm within the international market segments (Papp, J. 2011). Franchise business model provides the desired competitive position to the concerned firm in executing their business processes within the international market segments (Rugman, A. 2009). The management team of any of the concerned organization needs to plan the entire entry strategies with the help of the strategic choice as this provides the desired elevation in the establishment and the ex ecution of the business methods of the concerned firm (Van Hecke, M. 2010). Conclusion Global competition generates the desired impact on the different models by various methods. This research paper critically describes the general framework for the business model and it also reflects the principles and the events required for framing of the desired business model. The classical economic theory represents the international trade as the rational consequence which rises from inter-regional differences. A perfect model for the business consists of value propositions, finance value, value architecture and the value network. The foreign direct investments have provided the desired platform for most of the global companies to enter the new business market segments and increase their overall profitability into different countries. There are different risks which may be involved such as the political risks, legal risks, corruption risks, quarantine compliance risk, exchange rate risks, non-payment risks and managing the import risks. The desired risks and the mitigation while entering the different market segments of the particular country with the choice of a particular business process, needs to summarize properly. Management matrix helps in reducing these risks while entering into the different market segments of Australia. References Alred, G., Brusaw, C., Oliu, W. (2012).The business writer's handbook. Boston: Bedford/St. Martins. Austrade, a. (2016).Risk management - Austrade.Austrade.gov.au. Retrieved 3 July 2016, from https://www.austrade.gov.au/Australian/Export/Guide-to-exporting/Risk-management Bento, F., Esteves, S., Agarwal, A. (2013).Quality management in ART clinics. New York: Springer. Craig, R. (2013).The Everything guide to starting an online business. Avon, MA: Adams Media. Dale, B., Wiele, A., Iwaarden, J. (2013).Managing quality. Hoboken, NJ: Blackwell Publishing. Greeff, G. Ghoshal, R. (2004).Practical E-manufacturing and supply chain management. Oxford: Newnes. Hall, D., Kirkpatrick, I., Mitchell, M. (2005).Rural tourism and sustainable business. Clevedon [UK]: Channel View Publications. Hung, P. (2009).Services and business computing solutions with XML. Hershey, PA: Information Science Reference. Job, A. (2016).4 Types Of Business Models | Entrepreneur.Entrepreneurmag.co.za. Retrieved 3 July 2016, from https://www.entrepreneurmag.co.za/advice/starting-a-business/business-model/types-of-business-models/ Kendrick, R. (2010).Cyber Risks for Business Professionals. Ely: IT Governance Pub. Khachidze, V. (2012).Contemporary research on E-business technology and strategy. Berlin: Springer. Lee, G. (2010).Business process management of Japanese and Korean companies. New Jersey: World Scientific. Lester, A. Lester, A. (2007).Project management, planning, and control. Amsterdam: Elsevier/Butterworth-Heinemann. M.E. Porter, M. (2015).International Business Strategy.GpmFirst. Retrieved 3 July 2016, from https://www.gpmfirst.com/books/principles-strategic-management/international-business-strategy Musik, N. (2014). The Conceptual Model Of Service Orientation Business Strategy In Thailand.International Journal Of Business Strategy,14(2), 127-132. https://dx.doi.org/10.18374/ijbs-14-2.10 Oakland, J. Oakland, J. (2004).Oakland on quality management. Oxford: Elsevier/Butterworth-Heinemann. Papp, J. (2011).Quality management in the imaging sciences. St. Louis, Mo.: Mosby Elsevier. Rugman, A. (2009).The Oxford handbook of international business. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Van Hecke, M. (2010).The brain advantage. Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus Books. Wright, E. Reynders, D. (2004).Practical telecommunications and wireless communications. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
Wednesday, April 22, 2020
The Rise of Communism in Russia Unless we accept the claim that Lenin's coup that gave birth to an entirely new state, and indeed to a new era in the history of mankind, we must recognize in today's Soviet Union the old empire of the Russians -- the only empire that survived into the mid 1980s (Luttwak, 1). In their Communist Manifesto of 1848, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels applied the term communism to a final stage of socialism in which all class differences would disappear and humankind would live in harmony. Marx and Engels claimed to have discovered a scientific approach to socialism based on the laws of history. They declared that the course of history was determined by the clash of opposing forces rooted in the economic system and the ownership of property. Just as the feudal system had given way to capitalism, so in time capitalism would give way to socialism. The class struggle of the future would be between the bourgeoisie, who were the capitalist employers, and the proletariat, who were the workers. The struggle would end, according to Marx, in the socialist revolution and the attainment of full communism (Groilers Encyclopedia). Socialism, of which Marxism-Leninism is a takeoff, originated in the West. Designed in France and Germany, it was brought into Russia in the middle of the nineteenth century and promptly attracted support among the country's educated, public- minded elite, who at that time were called intelligentsia (Pipes, 21). After Revolution broke out over Europe in 1848 the modern working class appeared on the scene as a major historical force. However, Russia remained out of the changes that Europe was experiencing. As a socialist movement and inclination, the Russian Social-Democratic Party continued the traditions of all the Russian Revolutions of the past, with the goal of conquering political freedom (Daniels 7). As early as 1894, when he was twenty-four, Lenin had become a revolutionary agitator and a convinced Marxist. He exhibited his new faith and his polemical talents in a diatribe of that year against the peasant-oriented socialism of the Populists led by N.K. Mikhiaiovsky (Wren, 3). While Marxism had been winning adherents among the Russian revolutionary intelligentsia for more than a decade previously, a claimed Marxist party was bit organized until 1898. In that year a congress of nine men met at Minsk to proclaim the establishment of the Russian Social Democratic Workers Party. The Manifesto issued in the name of the congress after the police broke it up was drawn up by the economist Peter Struve, a member of the moderate Legal Marxist group who soon afterward left the Marxist movement altogether. The manifesto is indicative of the way Marxism was applied to Russian conditions, and of the special role for the proletariat (Pipes, 11). The first true congress of the Russian Social Democratic workers Party was the Second. It convened in Brussels in the summer of 1903, but was forced by the interference of the Belgian authorities to move to London, where the proceedings were concluded. The Second Congress was the occasion for bitter wrangling among the representatives of various Russian Marxist Factions, and ended in a deep split that was mainly caused by Lenin -- his personality, his drive for power in the movement, and his hard philosophy of the disciplined party organization. At the close of the congress Lenin commanded a temporary majority for his faction and seized upon the label 0Bolshevik (Russian for Majority), while his opponents who inclined to the soft or more democratic position became known as the Mensheviks or minority (Daniels, 19). Though born only in 1879, Trotsky had gained a leading place among the Russian Social-Democrats by the time of the Second party Congress in 1903. He represented ultra-radical sentiment that could not reconcile itself to Lenin's stress on the party organization. Trotsky stayed with the Menshevik faction until he joined Lenin in 1917. From that point on, he accommodated himself in large measure to Lenin's philosophy of party dictatorship, but his reservations came to the surface again in the years after his fall from power (Stoessinger, 13). In the months after the Second Congress of the Social Democratic Party Lenin lost his majority and began organizing a rebellious group of Bolsheviks. This was to be in opposition of the new majority of the congress, the Menshiviks, led by Trotsky. Twenty-two Bolsheviks, including Lenin, met in Geneva in August of 1904 to promote the idea of the highly disciplined party and to urge the reorganization of the whole Social- Democratic movement on Leninist lines (Stoessinger, 33). The differences between Lenin and the Bogdanov group of revolutionary romantics
Tuesday, March 17, 2020
Operation Barbarossa essays At the height of his power, Adolf Hitler had the world by the throat. His reign of terror was known in every country around the globe. His strengths as a leader were based mainly in politics; charisma mixed with intelligence. People would follow his lead, run blindly into battle, commit atrocities the likes of which the world had never seen, and not think twice about it. An uncanny ability to sway millions to follow, does not however constitute ability as a military general. Hitlers eventual decline begun with the invasion of Russia, code named "Operation Barbarossa". After this military blunder, the tide of the war began to sway, and the power of Nazi Germany decreased with each passing day. Why did Operation Barbarossa fail so terribly? Hitlers generals had tried desperately to talk him out of it, but he was convinced Russia would fall to the Werhmarcht (German Army). Breaking his non-aggression pact with Stalin, to invade Russia was the most costly mistake Hitler ever made. It se ems that fate is not without irony, as it would be the advancing Russians that eventually brought Germany to its knees. The ultimate ideological goal for Operation Barbarossa was to destroy Communist Russia, but Germanys original intent for invading Russia was to gain control of the oil and wheat regions in the Crimea territory. At this point in the war shortages of petrol, oil, and lubricants were hindering German war efforts. The strategy for invasion however was flawed with many lapses, and uncertainties. The German Army High Command, the German Armed Forces High Command, and even Hitler himself had contradictory ideas. This combined to lead to a number of blunders, unresolved conflicts, and unmet objectives. Hitler was basing his invasion on his delusional belief that the bulk of the Soviet forces could be trapped and destroyed by the time his armies reached the Dneiper River. He also was certain that Stalins "Great ...
Saturday, February 29, 2020
Arab-Israeli War of 1973 Essay The Arab-Israeli War was an armed conflict initiated by the Arab nations of Egypt and Syria against Israel on October 6, 1973 in an effort to reclaim territories that Israel had controlled since the Six Day War of 1967. The date holds special significance to the Jewish calendar, being Yom Kippur, hence this war is also known as the Yom Kippur War. Though Israel was caught by surprise and experienced severe losses during the war, assistance from the United States military led to a cease-fire less than three weeks later. In the aftermath, Israel retained its territories and its aftermath had far ranging effects on the geopolitics of the Middle East. First, the victory of Israel had an uplifting effect on its population. Its military had been seen to have grown largely complacent following the Six Day War. However, despite initial defeats, they managed a successful turnaround of the Yom Kippur WarÃ¢â¬â¢s outcome. As such, despite the surprise advantage of Egypt and Syria they had regained the upper hand in less than two weeks, though at a high cost in casualties. In effect, Israel woke up to the reality that their military supremacy in the region was not absolute. (Rabinovich 498) Second, by granting support to Israel, the United States invited the ire of oil-producing Arab states. This manifested itself in the actions of Saudi Arabia, which not only reduced its oil production but declared an embargo against the United States. Saudi Arabia was later joined by other oil-producing Arab states and together they extended their embargo against other import dependent nations in Western Europe as well as Japan. The result was the 1973 energy crisis that sent oil prices spiraling past $60 per barrel and close to $100 per barrel in 1979. (Smith 329) Third, on the geopolitical front, enemy states of Israel concluded in the aftermath that they could not defeat it by force, and thus turned towards diplomatic tactics in antagonizing it. The effect was that many African and Third World nations, under pressure from the Arab states, broke their diplomatic ties to Israel. Works Cited No author. Ã¢â¬Å"The 1973 Yom Kippur War. Ã¢â¬ Anti-Defamation League, 1999. Retrieved September 24, 2008 from: http://www. adl. org/ISRAEL/record/yomkippur. asp Smith, Charles. Palestine and the Arab-Israeli Conflict. New York, NY: Bedford, 2006. Rabinovich, Abraham. The Yom Kippur War: The Epic Encounter That Transformed the Middle eAst. New York, NY: Shocken Books, 2005. Rabinovich, Abraham . The Yom Kippur War: The Epic Encounter That Transformed the Middle East. New York, NY: Schocken Books. ISBN 0 8052 4176 0. Charles D. Smith, Palestine and the Arab-Israeli Conflict, New York: Bedford, 2006, p. 329. Arab-Israeli War of 1973. (2016, Aug 16).
Thursday, February 13, 2020
A Comparison of Probation and Parole Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words
A Comparison of Probation and Parole - Assignment Example 1). From the definitions, it could be deduced that probation and parole share similarities in terms of serving time periods outside of incarceration, usually in the community; but differ in terms of time of application, where Ã¢â¬Å"probation occurs prior to and often instead of jail or prison time, while parole is an early release from prisonÃ¢â¬ (Advice Company par. 1). There are similarities between probation and parole in terms of influencing behavioural changes and serving the best interests of the community, to wit: Ã¢â¬Å"both are concerned with a defendant breaking the bad habits or behaviours that caused them to break the law. Even though both probation and parole have a strong rehabilitation component, each process has the additional goal of protecting the communityÃ¢â¬ (Advice Company par. 8). Likewise, both involved supervision statutes that require, either active or inactive supervision, depending on the severity of the offence and on other mitigating factors (Bureau of Justice Statistics). On the other hand, the disparities between probation and parole are diverse. At the onset, through definition, the time of application spelt major difference where probation is recommended prior to incarceration; while parole is dispensed after some time has been served in jail. In addition, the supervising officers are different: a probation officer for the former and a parole officer for the latter. Also, conditions or subsequent changes in probation are noted to be within the jurisdiction of the court (Advice Company); while parole changes and conditions were reportedly set by the parole board (Advice Company). Concurrently, in terms of purpose or function, although both were noted to share similarities in behavioural intent and aiming to reduce the impact as well as incidence of crime in society, offenders who were given parole would face challenges in terms of reintegration due to the social stigma associated with criminal offenders who had been incarcerated.Ã Ã